Medical snippets #28: The seed of cotton

‘The seed of Cotton is said to be good against a Cough, and for such as are short-winded: it stirreth up lust; and the Oyl pressed out, taketh away freckles, spots, and other blemishes of the skin: the ashes of the wood burned, stop the bleeding of wounds: the powder thereof is restringent, and may be used as Bole; as also the Cotton may be applied. Also of this Wooll is made most of the beds they lye in, called Hammacks, or Hammakers, which are tyed up at both ends athwart a room, so that ten men may very well lodge in one room, and presently in the morning lay by their Beds, and have the convenient use of the same until night again; in those parts there being rarely any other used: for such Beds as we lye in here, do too much heat the body, and weaken Nature thereby.’

William Hughes, The American physitian; or, A treatise of the roots, plants, trees, shrubs, fruit, herbs, &c. growing in the English plantations in America. Describing the place, time, names, kindes, temperature, vertues and uses of them, either for diet, physick, &c. Whereunto is added a discourse of the cacao-nut-tree, and the use of its fruit; with all the ways of making of chocolate. The like never extant before (1672)

Balliol College Library shelfmark: 910 c 8 (5)

Medical snippets #27: Sweetening scorbutick acids

‘This Water being gradually heated (as is said) becomes a Bath, whose Sulphur hereby first penetrates the better into our Fermental juices, exciting them, if languid through Hydropick Acids, or spurious, through Scorbutick Acids, in the one by helping (with other concurring Medicaments) to remove obstructions from coagulated Acids; in the other, by precipitating, altering and sweetening Scorbutick Acids, the cause of pains and particular tumours. […]

Hereby it the better reacheth to dint that Fermental Acor of the Gout, impress’d upon the Synovia of the Joints, so easily communicable to the adjacent Nerves; hence is the reason why its found so effectual for the Scurvey, Gout, &c. viz. because these forenamed Diseases are chiefly determined and specificated by Acids, coagulated upon different humours and parts: For its Essential efficacy (if I may so say) of a subtiliz’d Sulphur to dint Acids, and thereby to resolve such as are coagulated; so that to me the discussion of all tumours, whether Scorbutick or others, depend upon the resolving those coagulated Acids, the intimate and real efficients thereof.’

William Simpson, Zymologia physica, or A brief philosophical discourse of fermentation, from a new hypothesis of acidum and sulphur (1675)

Balliol College Library shelfmark: 300 i 13 (3)

Medical snippets #26: That violent conflagration of the blood

‘As Feavers of this kind are not only caused by a matter different from what causes Periodicals, but also have as great a disparity in the manner of admitting that Matter into the Blood; so we cannot expect, when we see that Matter discover it self in various Symptoms; but that the cure, both of them and the Feavers they depend on, ought also to be varied accordingly. Our chiefest aim being in these, to allay that violent Conflagration of the Blood, ere the over-boiled Serum inflames some noble Part; which is to be done, either by visible abating the quantity of the Turgent Liquor by Phlebotomie, or by giving libertie to its most Transpirable parts in plentiful Sweats; either of these Evacuations being more proper (especially in the beginning of the Disease) in these sorts of Feavers, then any Ejection of the grosser Excrements; the last rather freeing the Blood of these Fermentative Particles, that are the common causes of Periodicals, then of those Extraneous Bodies, that incite it to the irregular Motion it suffers in a Synochus.’

Pyretologia, or A history of feavers. Composed according to such use of the parts, circulation of the blood, and the various offices both of the lympid liquor, and nervous juice, as have been the happy discoveries of modern anatomie. Together, with a more particular description of the uses of the spleen and pancreas; as also of the manner of natures proceeding in the several motions of fermentation, and ebullition, then hath been formerly divulged (1674)

Balliol College Library shelfmark: 300 i 13 (4)

Medical snippets #25: Men also are liable

‘Though the Disease called Hysterica Passio, be by almost all Authors treated of as only peculiar to Women, and proceeding only from the distemperature of the Womb; yet (as I have before observed) it may, upon grounds drawn from Reason and Experience, be very truly affirmed, That Men also are liable to most of the Symptoms of it, and that even in Wmoen they are often caused when the Womb is not in the least concern’d in the guilt. And the reason, why this Sex is more frequently than that other, afflicted with this Malady, may very well be ascribed to their more delicate constitution, and soft texture of their nervous parts, whereby they become more liable to convulsive motions; and upon the vellicating and twitching of any one part endued with exquisite sense, to have Convulsions communicated to the whole nervous System from whence the whole frame of the Body is put into disorder; as we see Clocks and Watches, whose Springs and Wheels are contriv’d with too subtil and nice workmanship, are oftner in fault, than those of more plain work.’

George Castle, The chymical Galenist: a treatise, wherein the practise of the ancients is reconcil’d to the new discoveries in the theory of physick; shewing, that many of their rules, methods, and medicins, are useful for the curing of diseases in this age, and in the northern parts of the world. In which are some reflections upon a book, intituled, Medela medicinæ (1667)

Balliol College Library shelfmark: 300 i 14 (1)

Medical snippets #24: An excellent aperient medicine

Crocus Martis cum Aqua is made by exposing Plates or Filings of Iron to the Rain or Dew, until it hath contracted a Rust, which collected is called Crocus Martis cum Aqua, or ferri Rubigo. This Crocus consisteth of the sulphureous, saline, and terrestrious parts combined together; yea indeed it is the very substance of Iron, having its pores much opened by the Dissolvent or Saline parts of Water; which not only maketh its Pores more open, but by combining with it maketh this Crocus an excellent Aperient medicine, whose Deopilative virtue chiefly dependeth on this Salt.

The Sulphur of Iron being retained in this Preparation renders it a fit ferment for blood, whose active Principles are weak and faint: And the Saline part (being exalted by That of the Dissolvent Water that much laxeth the body of Mars) renders it a good Aperient in Obstructions, as of the Liver, Spleen, Mesentery, Lacteal vessel, or Womb with its coherent parts.’

Samuel Derham, Hydrologia philosophica or, An account of Ilmington waters in Warwick-shire; with directions for the drinking of the same. Together with some experimental observations touching the original of compound bodies (1685)

Balliol College Library shelfmark: 300 i 12 (3)

Medical snippets #23: If thirst be troublesom

‘’Tis also less beneficial for the Patient to drink the Water in the Bath, and contrary to the rules and directions of intelligent Physicians; but if thirst be troublesom, somewhat may be taken to allay that, and half an hour before rising a quantity may be drank, and the rest in bed, if occasion shall require; otherwise to set aside some time for drinking alone, and never, during that time, to use the Bath at all, is what may give both Uses due liberty to exert their operations, and not cramp or supplant one another, as they often do when made use of together. […]

The best time for drinking is in the morning early, from the Pump, at the place it self, if it may be, otherwise, if near, at home, very warm, with a quarter of an hours walking after every Pint or Quart, at utmost; arising from three to six pints, four to eight, or five to ten, as the Body will bear, for no set gage can be given; and the best Rule is, that it ought to be taken pro Tolerantia, every one as they are able to bear, without ingurgitation, or relucting again.’

Thomas Guidott, A discourse of Bathe, and the hot waters there. Also, some enquiries into the nature of the water of St. Vincent’s rock, near Bristol; and that of Castle-Cary.To which is added, a century of observations, more fully declaring the nature, property, and distinction of the baths. With an account of the lives, and character, of the physicians of Bathe (1676)

Balliol College Library shelfmark: 300 i 11 (4)

Medical snippets #22: Fresh gales of air

‘Which puts me in mind of what great relief I have seen instantly given to Hysterical Patients in acute diseases by allowing them fresh gales of air. […]

And within these few dayes discoursing with the learned Doctor Bradey, Master of Caius Colledge in Cambridge, and an eminent practiser in this Town, upon this subject; he was pleased to acquaint me with a very notable observation in confirmation of this assertion, viz. in a Patient of his, who being very highly Asthmatick and Hysterick, and thereby necessitated to keep her bed six winters together, found constant and speedy relief in the paroxysms of the foremention’d distempers, by undrawing the curtains of her bed, putting out the fire in her chamber, and letting in air; and that which was very remarkable, was, that in the greatest of her extremities, if the wind lay in the window, and the casements were opened, she found so great advantage thereby, that not content with what passage Nature had made in her nostrils for air, she would dilate them with her fingers, that it might be more plentifully conveyed to her Lungs.’

Charles Goodall, The Colledge of Physicians vindicated, and the true state of physick in this nation faithfully represented: in answer to a scandalous pamphlet, entituled, The corner stone, &c. (1676)

Balliol College Library shelfmark: 300 i 13 (1)